(II John 1:5, 13) 3. The epistle called 3 John concerns three individuals, and in this letter the apostle John sends an essential message to each of them: Gaius. Greetings. Showing hospitality to others—particularly strangers—requires a level of trust and acceptance that is not necessarily required of us in our everyday lives. Third John gives us an intimate glimpse into the life of the early church. John referred to himself in his gospel as “the disciple whom Jesus loved” (John 21:20), a title that highlights one of the great themes of all John’s biblical contributions, including 3 John—the love of God working itself out in the lives of human beings. The main messages of the books. It is a delightful accompaniment to the second letter, which was written to a Christian lady about how to handle the false teachers who were abroad in that day. The Gospel of John provides no explicit internal evidence concerning its author. Troubles had come to the church in Asia. It is written by someone simply called the elder (whom we assume to be John the elder) to his friend Gaius. C. Destination. Diotrephes had taken control of one of the churches there and used his power to ban certain travelling missionaries from coming to the church at all. John’s letters reflect the second and third issues: heresy and a crisis of leadership. For example, in the New International Version 2 John is the shortest book with only 302 words but in the King James Version (Authorized Version) 3 John is the shortest with only 295 words. Ill John was written to John's friend Gaius. The New Testament as a whole is focused on one person who lived in the early third of the first century, Jesus of Nazareth, and the significance of his life, death, and resurrection. Date. Ver. Even though such sources are subject to the same historical scrutiny as other ancient documents, this is a remarkable chain of historical witnesses—from Irenaeus, to Polycarp, to John himself—enjoyed by no other New Testament book. There he presumably lived for the rest of his long life, on into the reign of Trajan, the Roman emperor who ruled the empire from AD 98 to 117. All Rights Reserved. third epistle of John was written by the apostle Johnabout the year 90 As in his first two epistles, John continues to stress the importance of “the truth” and how he was filled … At one point, the church had seen something of a leadership quality in him and had placed him in charge, but now in the top spot, the power had gone to his head. Our Lord was surrounded by people who took care of Him. While Gaius was dealing with certain troubles in his area, John wanted to direct him, not only in how to respond to the trials but also how to relate to those who proclaim the truth. All rights reserved.Site by Ascendio, Insight's New Testament Handbook: A Practical Look at Each Book, Insight’s Handbook of New Testament Backgrounds: Key Customs from Each Book, God's Masterwork, Volume Seven: The Final Word—A Survey of Hebrews–Revelation, View Chuck Swindoll's chart of Third John. Second John and Third John are the two shortest books in the Bible. 3 John 1:14 "But I trust I shall shortly see thee, and we shall speak face to face. All books of the New Testament refer to events that happened in the first century, such as the life of Jesus, the spread of the gospel, and issues that arose in the infant churches. Thus, it is appropriate to consider what was happening in the churches that were the original recipients of John’s gospel, most likely the last gospel to be written. False teachers had infiltrated the church denying the divinity of Jesus Christ. This book is believed to a letter from John to his friend Gaius. Please note, our website requires JavaScript to be supported. Both Polycarp and Papias lived in the greater vicinity of Ephesus in western Asia Minor, the location to which the apostle John is said to have fled at about the time when the Romans destroyed the temple in Jerusalem (AD 70), taking Mary the mother of Jesus with him. When were 1, 2, and 3 John written? By submitting your email address, you understand that you will receive email communications from HarperCollins Christian Publishing (501 Nelson Place, Nashville, TN 37214 USA) providing information about products and services of HCCP and its affiliates. This book is the shortest book in the New Testament and was written to praise Gaius and Demetrius for their faithful service. Papias mentions John twice, once as a “disciple of the Lord” and again as an “elder.” But Eusebius overlooked the fact that even when Papias refers to Peter and James, he doesn’t at first call them “apostles” but “elders,” suggesting that the two titles were not mutually exclusive in Papias. 9. Date of Writing: The Book of 1 John was likely written between A.D. 85-95. [Our] friends salute thee. View Chuck Swindoll's chart of Third John, which divides the book into major sections and highlights themes and key verses. My small group and I have been greatly blessed, and I want to let you know and thank you for inspiring us to "strengthen our grip," even in this current time where things seem to have only gotten worse. (I John 4:1-3) b. This post has been adapted from Karen H. Jobes’ commentary on 1, 2, & 3 John in the Zondervan Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Pursue a deeper knowledge of God through self-paced college- and seminary-level online courses in Old and New Testament studies, theology, biblical Greek, and more. Get updates from Zondervan Academic directly in your inbox. Cross references 3 John 1:1 : S Ac 11:30; 2Jn 1 Kummel also states (op. The letters and gospel are anonymous to us, but the Christians who originally received them undoubtedly knew the identity of the author, and it is likely on the ancient testimony of those believers that the letters have been ascribed to John. 3.1.2). Provide counter numbers for the beginnings and ends of the solos by McCoy Tyner and John Innovation in Christian belief and practice had to be bounded by apostolic orthodoxy. Enhance your school’s traditional and online education programs by easily integrating online courses developed from the scholars and textbooks you trust. © 2021 Insight for Living Ministries. A. Date of Writing: The Book of 3 John would most likely have been written at about the same time as John’s other letters, 1 and 2 John, between A.D. 85-95. 3 John is written to pave the way for a Christian missionary to minister in a region dominated by an insecure and unrighteous pastor. II. It forces us out of our comfort zones and into a territory where we must place our trust in God. a period of doctrinal and ecclesial unification (c. AD 60 – 100). Consequently, they allow us to distinguish three periods of the first century and place the events and the origin of the books within each period: The gospel and letters of John were written within this last period, when the church at large faced huge issues, such as organized persecution of Christians by the Roman government, heresy infiltrating the church (especially from the various Greek philosophies), and a crisis of church leadership, especially as the apostles died and the Lord had not returned. Order the DVD, watch the videos on Vimeo or Amazon Prime Video, or stream the lectures on MasterLectures right now with a 14-day FREE trial. Both 2 John and 3 John appear to have the same author and are believed to have been written in the first quarter of the second century CE. Copyright © 2020 HarperCollins Publishers. This troubling situation prompted John to write to Gaius, commending the believers for holding fast to the truth and doing so with a loving attitude. Modern scholarship has complicated the issue even further with most New Testament scholars rejecting the identity of the beloved disciple as the apostle John and conjecturing as many as five different author or redactors for the gospel and letters. Demetrius. This is relevant in every generation of the church until the Lord returns. We have a responsibility as Christians to live according to the truth we find in the life and ministry of Jesus, Irenaeus says that John, the disciple of the Lord who was with Jesus in the upper room, wrote the gospel of John while living in Ephesus (Haer. In addition to this one, John wrote two other New Testament letters, a Gospel, and possibly the prophetic book of Revelation.. As we have argued at some length in our discussion of the Gospel and first epistle, these documents were written in the 60s. The key personalities in this book are the Apostle John, Gaius, Diotrephes, and Demetrius. The New Testament books were themselves written in the second half of that century. As Kummel states (Introduction to the New Testament, p. 446): "No other NT letter, not even Phlm has so completely the form of a Hellenistic private letter as II and III John.Both are real letters." The gospel of John, like all the gospels, is anonymous. 3 John: Written after 2 John and before 4 John, You're not cool enough to know about 4 John, Pronounced 3rd John but written 3 John, Because fuck you, that's why, Rumor has it this book was written by the 3rd guy to ever be named John in the history of humanity., This is not a rumor. But ever since the fourth century when Eusebius wrote, there has been debate in the church about the authorship of the three letters attributed in the New Testament to John. C. It is not possible to determine whether 3 John preceded or followed 2 John in spite of 3 John 9 (which could or could not refer to 2 John) If you have any questions, please review our. John, the disciple, is nowhere identified by name. The letter commends Gaius for keeping strong in his faith in Jesus. - I wrote somewhat to the Church (reading, with the best authorities, ἔγραψά τι probably means that St. John had written a letter, now lost, and perhaps destroyed by Diotrephes, to the Church to which Diotrephes belonged. (3 John 1.11) 3 John 3 John has the feel of a much more personal letter than 2 John. While we cannot pinpoint the date with certainty due to the lack of specific information in the letter, 3 John was probably written Diotrephes. Third John teaches us that we should do the same for those who carry on the teaching of Jesus in our own day. Neither the text of the gospel nor that of the letters bears John’s name, or any name. cit., p. 449): "II and III John were written by the same author. The letter was probably written about the same time as 1 and 2 John (a.d. 85-95). Copy good men in the way that you live (3 John verses 11-12) v11 Dear friend, do not imitate what is … 2 Dear friend, I hope all is well with you and that you are as healthy in body as you are strong in spirit. What is written. The relationship between the three letters and between them and the gospel indicates that the same author likely wrote all three letters, and he was also either the author of the gospel or a close associate. It is written by someone simply called 'the elder' (whom we assume to be John the Elder) to his friend Gaius. Date. Although the issue of authorship will not likely ever be known with certainty, the author of these letters clearly claims to be a bearer of the apostolic teaching about Jesus that was based on eyewitness testimony about his public ministry, death, and resurrection. The boys had left their The book of 3rdJohn is a General Epistle (Apostolic Letter). There is no clear evidence when the book was written or where it was written from. Letters of John, three New Testament writings, all composed sometime around 100 CE and traditionally attributed to Saint John the Apostle (the Evangelist). The witness of Papias is more complicated and has been the subject of more debate, for his writings are preserved only in those of Eusebius, whose interpretation of Papias’s words raised the possibility of two men named John, one authoring the gospel and another, the elder John, the letters and the book of Revelation. Background – Setting: 3 John is perhaps the most personal of John’s 3 epistles. While we cannot pinpoint the date with certainty due to the lack of specific information in the letter, 3 John was probably written around AD 90 from the island of Patmos, where John was exiled at the time. It forces us to rely on a common bond in Jesus Christ, rather than a particular blood relationship or shared experience. To whom it is written. Composition. Occasion and Purpose. to care for and support those who serve God’s people. I can confirm it's true., Written about how illegally pirating music is sin, You're going to hell But there’s a problem. For an in-depth, verse-by-verse study of 1, 2, and 3 John, see Karen H. Jobes’ newly-released video lecture series. Written by John the Elder to house church believers, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John echo the gospel of John. man named Diotrephes, and John wrote to reinforce for Gaius the proper way to deal with the troubles. 3 Some of the traveling teachers [] recently returned and made me very happy by telling me about your faithfulness and that you are living according to the truth. This epistle was probably written in … Please check errors and resubmit. It’s been a busy few months at MasterLectures. John wrote his letter to Gaius, a leader of one or more churches in Asia Minor. These Christians strove to make the gospel a reality in their lives through the way they treated one another. stream the lectures on MasterLectures right now with a 14-day FREE trial. As the church stood on the brink of an uncertain future in the midst of a transition to church leaders who were not apostles, there was no more critical issue than where the truth about Jesus Christ was to be found. In the letter, John begs for Gaius’ help in tackling Diotrephes, who was refusing to acknowledge John’s authority. B. 3 John is thought by many Bible teachers to have been written in John's old age, about 90 AD. Peace [be] to thee. You may unsubscribe from these email communications at any time. The authors of the letters are addressing real questions, issues, and circumstances that are pressing at that moment of time. The earliest ascription of authorship to John comes from Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna (d. AD 156), and from Papias, a contemporary of Polycarp, whose writings survive only as quotations in the later writings of Irenaeus and Eusebius. While 1 John appear to be a general letter addressed to congregations scattered throughout Asia Minor, and 2 John was sent to a lady and her family (2 John 1), in 3 John, the apostle clearly names the sole recipient as … What this letter says is similar to the Second Epistle of John.The traditional view is that all the letters are by the hand of John the Apostle, and the language and words used and arguments made all seem to support this idea.. The main message, of I John is that Jesus was God come in the flesh to save humanity. The letter is addressed to one Gaius. John used words such as love and truth to describe this kind of living, and he used the negative example of Diotrephes to illustrate the dangers of going down a different path. Outline of the Book of 3 John The Godliness and Generosity of Gaius - 1:1-8 He Though the question of authorship has been much discussed, the language and contents of the three letters suggest a common source. 3 John 1:5 The Greek word for brothers and sisters (adelphoi) refers here to believers, both men and women, as part of God’s family. And even worse, upon receiving an earlier correction from John, Diotrephes refused to listen (3 John 1:9). [I am writing to Gaius, my dear friend, whom I love in the truth. a. John wanted to ensure a warm welcome from the churches to those who traveled around preaching the gospel, offering them hospitality and a send-off “in a manner worthy of God” (3 John 1:6). Your form could not be submitted. Sign up to receive e-mail from Insight for Living Ministries. They emphasize that God is light and love and every true believer will demonstrate God's light and love. livelihood and their father Zebedee to follow Jesus (Matthew 4:21–22). They denied that God could be packaged in flesh. And John, in response to this good report about the behavior of these “rank and file” Christians, The apostle had received a report of some difficulties caused by a It is written by the Disciple/Apostle John around 85-95 A.D. False teachers had emerged from the elder’s own church(es), and their beliefs were challenging his apostolic leadership. 3 John (written) 3 John -14. The Gospels telling that story were written some decades later and so are concerned, first, with the events of Jesus’ lifetime recorded but, second, with what was happening in the churches to which each gospel was addressed and which shaped their content. With so much going on, it’s easy to lose track of what’s been happening. 1. While James was the first of the twelve disciples to die for his faith, John outlived all the others. The New Testament books were themselves written in the second half of … Information on 3 John. The study is available as a free e-mail Bible study, or as an e-book or paperback book at a modest cost. 3 John’s role in the Bible. Jesus’ lifetime, during which no New Testament books were written; a period of great expansion of the gospel throughout the Roman empire (AD 33 – 60); and. Author: 1, 2, and 3 John have from earliest times been attributed to the apostle John, who also wrote the Gospel of John. Charlie Garrett 3 John, 3 John (written), Daily Writing, Epistles, Epistles (written), Writings Thursday, July 16th, 2020 4 Comments. The New Testament letters are different from these narrative accounts of the life of Jesus because each letter addressed pressing issues of the moment rather than recounting events from a previous time period. Listen to Chuck Swindoll’s overview of Third John in his audio message from the Classic series God’s Masterwork. Church tradition from the earliest days of Christianity has ascribed these letters to John, commonly believed to be the apostle John—one of Jesus’ chosen twelve, the son of Zebedee, and “the disciple whom Jesus loved” of John’s gospel. Most scholars believe the three Johannine epistles have the same author, but there is no consensus if this was also the author of the Gospel of John. Your browser does not support JavaScript. The shortest book in the English language is different depending on which translation (version) you look at. Purpose of Writing: John’s purpose in writing this third epistle is threefold. 1 This letter is from John, the elder. See Introduction to 2 John: Occasion and Purpose. Irenaeus (AD 175–195), bishop of Lyon, was born in Asia Minor and as a child personally knew Polycarp, who is said to have been appointed bishop of Smyrna by eyewitnesses of the Lord Jesus. In the letter John begs for Gaius’ help in tackling Diotrephes who was refusing to acknowledge John’s authority. But the Fourth Gospel might provide us with clues conceal... Get expert commentary on biblical languages, fresh explorations in theology, hand-picked book excerpts, author videos, and info on limited-time sales. Please contact us or click here to learn more about how to enable JavaScript on your browser. Even if these two letters were not written on the same occasion, there is nothing in 3 John to require a great time interval between it and 2 John. For Instructors and School Administrators. 3 John 1:13 "I had many things to write, but I will not with ink and pen write unto thee:" John explains that there was no need to write more, because he was coming to see them, and he would tell them then. Second and Third John are from the pen of “the elder,” who is not identified. At the writing of this, his final epistle, John was nearing the end of his life, a life that had changed dramatically some six decades before, when Jesus had called John and his brother James out from their fishing boat. Thursday, 16 July 2020 …but I hope to see you shortly, and we shall speak face to face. John’s three epistles are largely concerned with the issue of fellowship—with God, with enemies of the gospel and, in the case of 3 John, with those who proclaim the truth. Books and articles that equip you for deeply biblical thinking and ministry. An Update on MasterLectures: New Videos, a Podcast, and Free Previews. See Introductions to 1 John and the Gospel of John: Author. 3 John has the feel of a much more personal letter than 2 John. See Introduction to 1 John: Date. Discover more resources related to Third John. How do you show hospitality to other Christians, particularly those who serve you and others in your local church and at churches around the world? The content, style, and vocabulary seem to warrant the conclusion that these three epistles were addressed to the same readers as the Gospel of John. We would tentatively say that 3 John, if written at the same time as 2 John, was written c. 66-67 CE. The apostle John identified himself in 3 John only as “the elder” (3 John 1:1), the same as he did in 2 John. The letter was probably written about the same time as 1 and 2 John (a.d. 85–95). But John was a common name at the time, and early in Christian history some came to doubt if “the elder” was the same man as the author of 1 John and John’s gospel. View Written Assignment #3_ John Coltrane.docx from MUS 116 at University of North Carolina, Wilmington. The elder argues that Christian leadership is essentially conservative, preserving and passing to the next generation the teaching of the apostles whom the Lord himself had chosen. He was a leader in the early church, and he probably wrote his documents after most of the other New Testament books were already written. If the elder was John son of Zebedee, he was likely elderly and the last living apostle. refused to welcome those traveling ministers of the gospel to preach and take rest with his church. These letters insist that this apostolic testimony trumps any reinterpretation of Jesus by those who were not commissioned by him and who were far removed from personal knowledge of him. encouraged them to continue to love and support those visiting believers who gave of themselves and ministered in the churches of Asia. All books of the New Testament refer to events that happened in the first century, such as the life of Jesus, the spread of the gospel, and issues that arose in the infant churches. 1. See Introduction to 1 John: Date. Peace … Receiving an earlier correction from John, the language and contents of the church the. 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