Researchers found that night work activity does significantly increase the likelihood of crashes on a facility, sometimes quite dramatically. There are two main ways to ensure that motorists and workers experience the safest possible nighttime work zone. 1. Lighting is typically measured by what are called “foot-candles”. Nighttime work can be dangerous, plain and simple. Closure/guidance includes items such as traffic cones, drums and barricades. The final piece of the nighttime safety equation is participating in any available training. This is called level 2, and is 10 or more foot-candles. Construction workers engage in many activities that may expose them to serious hazards, such as falling from rooftops, unguarded machinery, being struck by heavy construction equipment, electrocutions, silica dust, and asbestos. Use heavy curtains or blinds to block sunlight from keeping you awake. Every organisation that asks its employees to work night shifts is required to provide them with a pickup-and-drop facility – a driver, in a vehicle hired by the company, picks up the employees from the office and drops them home. Display emergency numbers and your home address near all telephones. Construction is a high hazard industry that comprises a wide range of activities involving construction, alteration, and/or repair. • Bright work lights may produce glare. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. Since construction workers may handle heavy machinery, they should pay particular attention to their level of alertness. Three Simple Safety Tips for Lone Workers. Ask your hotel manager for advice on 'safe' versus 'unsafe' local areas. GENERAL SAFETY RULES. In this edition of the RoadReady newsletter, we will explore what activities can be done in nighttime roadway construction, along with some safety tips to help improve the overall process. This must be what the article is referring to when it says that reflective surfaces are five times more visible. Alcohol and drugs are a contributing factor in around three per cent of workplace fatalities. One of the greatest challenges in nighttime work is poor visibility for workers and motorists. Working after Dark: Night Work and Roadway Safety. Work place accidents translate into … Whether at a hospital, health system or small practice, it is important to take all preventive measures available. Here are the five most effective ways to develop and maintain a safe night time construction site: Create a safety plan before work begins. Be it a workplace disaster or a violent crime, when your employees' safety is compromised, you need to be prepared to keep them safe. Place night lights in the person's bedroom and the bathroom to help prevent tripping if he or she gets up at night. Site Preparation – The Game Plan for Your Success, Survey: 60% of Respondents Using e-Construction Tools Reported On-Time Deliveries for Most Projects, e-Construction in Practice Survey: 45% in Transportation Construction Use e-Construction Tools To Speed Project Deliveries. In order to understand appropriate lighting levels for night work, we first need to talk about how it is measured. Finally, traffic control personnel need the most light for safety to the worker and for motorists to see and interpret their directions. Additional topics to cover when training for nighttime projects include: • Know your surroundings on the project and watch out around you, • Put clear signage for motorists in the best visibility locations, • Space drums and cones more closely to avoid intrusions, • Conduct test drives to ensure that everything is clearly visible and operating correctly. In addition to proper training, creating a work zone with safe visibility levels can make the difference in preventing job site incidents. In addition, consider taking these safety precautions throughout your home: Prepare for emergencies. Pavement Construction and Inspection Go Together, Making Concrete Pavements Resistant to Damage, Pavements Never Die, They Just Get Service, Climate Change Impacts on Pavements and Resilience, E-Construction in Practice: A Peer Exchange with WSDOT and TxDOT. Safety precautions are a federal requirement in most workplaces. 1993 AASHTO Flexible Pavement Structural Design, 1993 AASHTO Rigid Pavement Structural Design, Time Available for Compaction Application, Night Time Work Zone Safety-Tips to Save Your Life. Immediately notify others of any (new or old) hazards that you perceive. Work) Regulations 2000 were transposed into the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work (General Application) Regulations 2007 and deal specifically with night and shift work. Ensuring Your Safety Walk with a friend. Flashing lights on a worker’s body or clothing, reflective tape on equipment, and especially proper work area lighting are all good ways to increase visibility. Report all work injuries and illnesses immediately 2. BRING A FRIEND. This is level 3 lighting, and is 20 or more foot-candles. 5. Investigate all accidents and safety … Second, have weekly safety meetings to cover any errors or incidents that may have occurred, the proper response in the future, and any anticipated changes to the work zone that may affect the safety of drivers and employees. Purchase sufficient new safety equipment for a new construction project or to add existing inventory. Safety (DPS) crash data to assess the ramifications of night work on crash experiences, and an assessment of differences in operational characteristics of traffic at nighttime and daytime work zones. One foot-candle is the illuminance cast on a 1 square foot surface by a single candle’s light. What is Lean Construction, and what are its Benefits? This allows contractors and agencies to take advantage of working with fewer delays for the traveling public and for construction crews to work more safely in lower volume traffic. Your duties include warning them of danger, providing safety equipment and neutralizing obvious safety hazards. Event healthcare providers should use Standard and Transmission-Based Precautions … Using appropriate precautions at work can help minimize risk and exposure to … PLEASE NOTE: THIS PUBLICATION IS ALSO AVAILABLE IN HARD COPY FORMAT AND CAN BE ORDERED BY PHONING 1890 289389 OR DOWNLOAD FOR FREE BELOW. Then, there’s active work area lighting, a higher level of light that allows for safe equipment operation and observation of the work. Report all Unsafe Acts or Unsafe Conditions to your Supervisor 3. Warning/information includes items such as fixed or mobile gantry signs, or temporary rumble strips. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. It’s also important that others can see you. Price 6.50. Before night works are carried out, check the inventory of safety equipment to make sure they are sufficiently available, appropriate, and in good working condition. Let’s take a closer look. But being uneasy doesn't mean you need to stay home and miss the good times with your friends. Employers have an obligation not only to employees but also to contractors and their employees. Night Time Work Zone Safety-Tips to Save Your Life Nighttime work can be dangerous, plain and simple. These and other relevant legal provisions are outlined in Section 6 of this guidance. Compliance helps you … Night work is often necessary to complete a given task on a construction site. Conduct safety orientation and regular training sessions for workers. This is designated as level 1, and is 5 or more foot-candles. Finally, review the site’s safety plan and identify all exit and evacuation routes in the event of an emergency. First, train all employees on nighttime work safety, keeping in mind that some workers (like traffic control personnel) may need additional training and possibly certification. Why Is Night Work Hazardous? “This work presents unique hazards which raise the risk of work zone injuries. Before you begin working at night, walk the job site during the day. While working at night, construction workers should always wear reflective gear. associated with shift work, night work and extended working hours, and take action to control the risks. The best two ways to ensure the safest possible nighttime work zone is to properly train all workers on safe practices in the work zone, and improve work zone visibility. It is a way to avoid injuries, build comradery and create a better work product. Safety gear can greatly affect worker visibility. Night work and extended hours which carry into the night period are particularly difficult and hazardous. Know your job site. Reflective clothing isn’t the only available technique to increase visibility at night. During the day personal safety is not as big of an issue because of the sunlight and activity that is going on around you. Fear of crime can make you wary of walking or traveling at night. Treat slippery or uneven surfaces. With this increased decision and maneuver distance, workers, motorists, and equipment are much less likely to have a collision – chances of damage, injury, or death are reduced. All sorts of hazards exist including reduced visibility, worker fatigue, lighting issues such as positioning and glare, and tired or impaired drivers. Take the right precautions at work. Whether you are paving a road or working at a stationary site, you can increase safety by knowing your surroundings inside and out. Avoid 'seedier' areas of the cities you visit, especially at night. Savvy companies with night shifts work hard at reducing risk by taking the right steps, like providing the extensive training, educating employees on the hazards of working at night, and creating a safety plan that covers all the right topics. But when done safely, benefits such as lower traffic volumes and reduced delay for both motorists and construction vehicles outweigh the risks. The National Safety Council advises everyone to enjoy fireworks at public displays conducted by professionals, and not to use any fireworks at home. Avoid caffeine at night that will keep awake you when you need to be sleeping. Pavement Interactive was developed by the Pavement Tools Consortium, a partnership between several state DOTs, the FHWA, and the University of Washington, as part of their effort to further develop and use computer-based pavement tools. How to Stay Safe at Night. Night work can provide specific challenges that are not experienced during the day, particularly visibility. Whenever possible, they should work at designated stations and walk on brightly-lit paths. In addition, the Act’s Section 5(a)(1), the General Duty Clause, requires employers to provide their workers with a workplace free They may be legal but they are not safe. It can be a good clue that it is time to slow down when you see these reflections on the safety cones and barriers. Lighting level designations according to NCHRP Report 476, start with general lighting, which allows workers to safely move around the entire job site. The decision and maneuver distance – how long it takes a driver to notice the worker and make any path or speed changes – is over 5 times greater with reflective clothing than with regular, dark-colored – or even orange-colored – clothes. Along with the standard safety precautions that accompany normal paving activities, there is a higher risk of worker injury at night. Highway 125 Night Work Describes the precautions and concerns in Highway 125 construction in Nova Scotia, Canada. 3 Tips for Safely Working at Night on a Construction Site, Your One Stop Spot For All Contractors Insurance Needs | © Copyright 2020 ContractorsInsurance.org, Contractors Workers Compensation Insurance, Free Certificates Of Contractors Insurance, 5 Things your Workers Comp Benefits Don’t Cover. You should also be aware of any potential issues specific to the project site, such as electrical or fall hazards. Take the right precautions at work. In order to ensure safety for both workers and drivers, some extra steps need to be taken. All sorts of hazards exist including reduced visibility, worker fatigue, lighting issues such as positioning and glare, and tired or impaired drivers. It is amazing how reflective material can light up even when it seems to be out of the range of the light. a safe and healthful workplace. As you become more familiar with your work zone, darkness will no longer be a major safety issue. Have a safety incentive program and make it well known to workers. Use night lights. The equipment used to ensure safety in the work zone can be grouped in three categories: warning or information, closure/guidance, and protection. It’s a common construction misconception that working at night is dangerous. The Occupational Safety and Health Act requires employers to comply with safety and health standards promulgated by OSHA or by a state with an OSHA-approved state plan. Whether you are paving a road or working at a stationary site, you can increase … However, at late hours and with the nights getting darker earlier, it is important to take notice of what is going on around you. Everything you do in the daytime can be done at night, with proper safety considerations and the correct level of lighting. Here are seven ways to be prepared. Try not to travel at night. 34 slides: Mine Illumination and Solid-State Lighting Mining … “the most difficult lighting environment in the world.” Safety precautions must be strictly adhered to because if they are not, some employees can put all other employees at risk. In addition, check to see where there are gaps in the lighting that might cause a problem later. A workplace safety training will help them reduce or eliminate injuries and illnesses from occurring in the workplace. Darkness will be an issue at times, but job sites today are typically very well lit. • Alcohol, drug impaired, drowsy drivers. Let’s take a look at a couple of critical elements for improving visibility. Always check that it is de-energized first by using a tester. Through proper training and lighting, night time construction can happen as safely as construction in the daytime. Quality Control: Ready…Aim…Hit the Target! Although hazards exist, workers can stay safe by taking a series of precautions before, during and after their shift. • Drivers, pedestrians, workers are generally less alert, more tired. In your pre-shift walkthrough, take note of where lights are located at the job site, including the walkways and parking areas. When walking at night, always try to bring a friend or a dog … Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. 4 A Road Construction Industry Consortium Awareness Program Work with venue administrators, local officials, and healthcare providers to identify an isolation area to separate anyone who has COVID-like symptoms or who has tested positive but does not have symptoms. Under the OSH Act, you have to provide employees with safe conditions to work. Night work poses special hazards: • Reduced visibility for motorists, increased difficulty driving safely through work zone. By Walter Jones “Night work has become a fact of life in highway construction,” says LIUNA General President Terence M. O’Sullivan, noting a trend that is accelerating this season. Recruit a friend or family member — not only will it be more enjoyable, but it’ll also … This way you can identify any potential hazards the darkness may hide. This Guide is aimed at safety and health practitioners, employers, managers, employees and safety representatives. Always keep the communication lines open with your co-workers, employers, or employees in order to promote and maintain a safe environment. Use seat belts when on Company business in any vehicles 4. Pavement Design – What’s My Structural Number? Never try repairing energized equipment. Those who work nights have to be wary of on-the-job fatigue because of their irregular sleep schedule. The following tips will help during those times. First is proper safety training, and second is improving visibility throughout the work zone and especially at critical areas like traffic control workers’ stations and on any people or equipment. Employers are required to: consult employees and elected representatives on health and safety at work The term “lone worker” is becoming a more and more familiar one in the United States as employers and safety professionals grow increasingly aware of employees that regularly carry out workplace tasks alone within their organization. Communication on the job site is even more crucial at night than during the day. 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